Why management is needed
Here are few stats of the damage some of the local wildlife can cause
The wild Rabbit
The number of disease-resistant bunnies has soared by 50 per cent to an estimated 60 million in the last 12 years, nature experts fear.vandalism by rabbits costs the British economy at least £100million a year.For every rabbit grazing on one hectare of winter wheat, the farmer loses one per cent of their annual yield.
Wild rabbits also burrow under roads, railways and through archaeological sites, causing subsidence and other damage to buildings.
They also contaminate the soil with their urine and droppings, so nothing but weeds can survive. And they chew through the bark of trees, sometimes killing nursery stock or young saplings, preventing the natural regeneration of woodland.
Moles cause millions of pounds worth of damage each year to farmers crops and machinery and because the Listeriosis bacteria is present in soil which when brought to the surface as mole hills. If the soil from the mole hills picked up and mixed with the grass cut for silage. If conditions are right, the bacteria can multiply within the silage over time and cause problems.
Many sheep die each year from Listeriosis. they cause untold cost to gardeners having to repair machinery damaged by stones thrown up by moles let alone the repair costs to gardens and lawns.
A lot of people think that the moles eat the roots of plants which is why the crops die, this is not true, moles forage for the worms within the root ball of the plants, disturbing the soil, which in turn stunts the growth of the plant.
Moles also cause a lot of injuries to both us humans and to animals, the tunnels that are dug by the moles whilst foraging for worms, will eventually collapse, this is the point where any animal that steps onto the soft area can break a limb on the fall or where the foot of the animal is stuck within the tunnel area.
One study has put the annual cost of fox predation of chickens, geese and turkeys at £1.3m, while other research estimates that 1–2 per cent of newborn lambs are taken. The overall impact of foxes on poultry and livestock is estimated at about £10–12m.
The Red Fox is widespread across the vast majority of British towns. Foxes will take livestock such as chickens, ducks, rabbits and guinea pigs if they are not properly secured.
One third of their food is scavenged or deliberately provided by householders.
Foxes are also susceptible to Weil's Disease (Leptospirosis), which can be passed onto domestic pets and humans via contact with their urine.
Urban Property / Commercial Property
They can enter roof spaces by climbing walls (shimmy” up between walls and drain pipes). or jumping from nearby trees etc. If they get into your property they can cause serious damage. They can strip the insulation from electrical wiring, causing a danger of fire, chew woodwork and stored goods,urinate and defecate over goods and loft insulation causing health issues. Aswell as the anoying noise of them scraping and running around.
With an infestation of 200 rats able to consume nearly 1.1 tonnes per year. Alongside the threat they pose to feed stocks, they also carry infectious diseases such as Leptospirosis (weils disease) which is spread through infected rat urine, and is a very serious health risk to those who work on the farm. They can also carry disease from unit to unit, when searching for nesting sites and food sources. The estimated cost to UK farmers from rodent damage is between £16 and £25 million per year, with over 20% of farm fires being caused by rodents gnawing through electrical cables.
it has often been argued that predators, such as grey squirrels, are also killing off native birds.
This threat - combined with the damage that grey squirrels can do to native trees.
There for the grey squirrels have limited legal protection and can be controlled all year round by a variety of methods
In urban areas they will enter roof spaces by climbing walls or jumping from nearby trees. If they get into your property they can cause serious damage. They can strip the insulation from electrical wiring, causing a danger of fire chew woodwork and stored goods,urinate and defecate over goods and loft insulation. Aswell as the anoying noise of them scraping and running around.
Magpies and crows are prolific predators of eggs, nestlings, juvenile birds and even adult birds and have always needed human intervention to keep their numbers in check. There are less gamekeepers, farmers and small-holders exercising this control these days which has allowed the corvids to become more numerous and widespread.
Spring is when magpies and crows in particular do the most damage and the time of year when controlling their numbers is the most effective.
The crop damage caused by wood pigeons runs into millions of pounds
Feral pigeons carry disease. The uric acid in pigeon feces is highly corrosive and can cause extensive damage to metals and other substrates